preload preload preload preload

- - Please Notice - -

Hi buddies....So nice to tell you that Ubuntu 10.10 has been released. Collect yours now.......!! volunteers are requested to order CDs for distribution.......Lets spread the word of UBUNTU!!

Terminal Commands

As I said earlier, some commands work on their own. Like, 'ls'. It is very handy.
If you are in your home folder and give the command 'ls' it will show you the files and folders in that location-e.g:

/*I am using Bold to present command input and Italic to present display output*/


Desktop Documents Examples Music Pictures Public Templates Videos

most commands take arguments. like cd (change directory) it will jump to the directory followed in the command. e.g:

cd Documents


cd location

If you want to go to any folder directly just type full address in the location field. for example if you want to go to "/home/shabab/Pictures/" type

cd /home/shabab/Pictures

or you can also go step by step

cd /

cd home

cd shabab

cd Pictures

The firs '/' goes to the root directory (like C:\ in windows). And you can figure out the other steps. Be careful about one thing that linux terminal is case sensitive. So if you type 'pictures' instead of 'Pictures' it wont work.

bash: cd: pictures: No such file or directory

Many commands also has command options. like adding the option after command will make it work. Like ls shows all files folders in a directory. But if you also want to see the hidden ones add –a, which causes all files to be listed including hidden ones.e.g:

ls -a

. .esd_auth .ICEauthority .recently-used

To see the details of all elements.

ls -l

Command options can also be combined. To see details of hidden files

ls -la

To see a list of available command options add --help. e.g:

ls --help or

cp --help

To run a command from your current location. Write the command after ' ./ ' many experts interpret it as 'right here'. It is a good way to remember. E.g:


will run a program called browser located in current directory.

To read the manual of any package



man gcc

shall open the manual of gnu compiler collection

No comments: